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Subject General
1. Psychologists consider _______ behavior to be behavior that causes people to experience distress and prevents them from functioning in their daily lives. A. deviant B. abnormal C. adolescent D. aberrant 2. The most common symptom of a generalized anxiety disorder is A. trembling hands. B. confusion. C. a racing heart. D. inability to relax. 3. After Darryl spends some time watching a boy his age happily playing with a dog, Darryl begins to lose his fear of dogs. Which approach to psychotherapy is best illustrated in this scenario? A. Dialectical behavior therapy B. Rational-Emotive C. Cognitive-behavioral D. Operant conditioning 4. The key theme in humanistic therapy is A. philosophical reasoning. B. self-responsibility. C. emotional expression. D. self-criticism. 5. Regarding perspectives on abnormality, what is the common ground between the medical and psychoanalytic perspectives? A. Both view abnormal behaviors as learned behaviors. B. Both view abnormal behavior as rooted in biological processes. C. Both view abnormal behaviors as symptoms of underlying problems. D. Both assume that people’s thoughts and beliefs underlie problematic behavior. 6. For the psychologist, abnormal behavior can be thought of as expressing distress of some kind that obstructs one’s ability to function. Because this is such a broad definition, it’s best to think of the range of behaviors from normal to abnormal as A. lying along a continuum. B. entirely dependent on diagnostic assumptions. C. statistical variations. D. observable patterns. 7. Which of the following statements about autism is correct? A. Autistic children seek out social contact. B. Verbal communication is impaired, while nonverbal expression is normal. C. About one in every 1,500 children will develop symptoms of autism. D. It usually appears within the first three years of life. 8. Dr. Cranberry suspects that her client is selectively failing to recall an event that must, by all evidence, be stored in his memory. If the therapist turns out to be correct in this assessment, she’ll identify the disorder as dissociative A. repression. B. identity disorder. C. fugue. D. amnesia. 9. In the process of Freudian psychoanalysis, patients may come to think of the therapist as a symbol of their feelings for a parent, lover, or abuser. This phenomenon is referred as A. free association. B. transference. C. projection. D. latent content. 10. Xenophobia is to fear of strangers as claustrophobia is to fear of A. social situations. B. heights. C. closure. D. enclosed spaces. 11. Attempting to learn more about the physiological aspects of depression, Dr. Paul observes levels and areas of brain activation in equal numbers of male and female subjects as they are viewing images of people exhibiting angry, sad, and fearful facial expressions. What is Dr. Paul most likely to observe? A. Chances are better that 2 to 1 that the subject is male if brain activation levels are significantly suppressed. B. Brain activation is significantly greater in subjects diagnosed with depression. C. Chances are better that 2 to 1 that the subject is female if brain activation is significantly less than normal. D. Brain activation is markedly less in subjects diagnosed with depression. 12. In the context of rational-emotional behavior therapy, which of the following is considered an unrealistic and irrational idea? A. It’s not a big deal when things don’t go the way I want them to. B. No one in my life should love me and approve of what I do. C. We must be accomplished and successful in every aspect of our lives to feel like a worthwhile person. D. How I view a situation effects how I feel about myself in that situation. 13. In which of these statements is the scientific rationale for distinguishing Type I and Type II most clearly illustrated? A. If subjects X and Y are identical twins and X is diagnosed with Type 1 schizophrenia, we can be nearly 100 percent assured that Y will also develop Type I schizophrenia. B. The symptomatic profile for Type I and Type II schizophrenia is different. C. Type I schizophrenics are most likely to be a threat to themselves and others. D. Type II schizophrenics are most likely to be a threat to themselves and others. 14. Regarding possible environmental causes of schizophrenia, the concept of expressed emotion refers to an interactive style characterized by A. hostility, criticism, and intrusiveness. B. obsessive perfectionism. C. withdrawal and isolation. D. practical jokes. 15. In psychodynamic therapy, a primary focus is on penetrating the client’s A. defense mechanisms. B. apathy. C. unconscious hostility. D. expectations. 16. A therapist determined that Alice depends on relationships with others to find some shaky ground for her self-identity. In this context, Alice has always been devastated by rejection of any kind. Alice is most likely to be diagnosed as suffering from a/an A. narcissistic personality disorder. B. antisocial personality disorder. C. sociopathic personality. D. borderline personality disorder. 17. Which of the following statements regarding the DSM-IV-TR is most accurate? A. Critics of DSM-IV-TR argue that the classification system overemphasizes physiological factors associated with specified disorders. B. The DSM-IV-TR offers therapists a means of determining causal factors underlying a specific psychological disorder. C. The DSM-IV-TR offers therapists a firm foundation for estimating the degree to which a given individual is afflicted with a specified disorder. D. Critics agree that the DSM-IV-TR system of classification has successfully increased the reliability of diagnoses without necessarily increasing their validity. End of exam 18. A reference work developed by the American Psychiatric Association is referred to as DSM-IV-TR. In that acronym, S stands for A. Standard B. Symposium C. Statistical D. Standardized 19. Which therapeutic approach does not require the presence of a psychological professional? A. Family therapy B. Interpersonal therapy C. Humanistic therapy D. Self-help therapy 20. A very large sample, representing the population of the United States, was drawn to study the prevalence of psychological disorders. The second most commonly reported disorder, after depression, was A. panic disorders. B. comorbidity. C. alcohol dependency. D. posttraumatic stress disorder.

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